Bidford on Avon Medieval Settlement
The possible extent of Medieval settlement of Bidford on Avon is suggested by documentary evidence.
1 The possible extent of the medieval settlement, based on the first edition 6″ map, 43SW 1886.
2 Aerial photographs show patchy survival of ridge and furrow in the parish, with some to the north and also to the northeast of Bidford where the ridge and furrow extends up to the plots.
3 Market (Letter Close) Tuesdays granted 8 May 1220 by Henry III to Llewellyn Prince of Wales. To be held at the Manor. Day Changed from Tues to Fri on 27th May 1220
Market granted for saturdays 1280 Sept 1291 by Edward I to Robert [Burnell] Bishop of Bath and Wells. On 16th Sept 1291 Edward I granted Robert a weekly market on Fridays at his Manor in lieu of a weekly market there on Saturdays previously granted to him.
4 There are two entries for Bidford in the Domesday survey. It is listed in Ferncombe Hundred, grid ref 1051.
1,3 (Land of the King). Bidford (on Avon). King Edward held it. 5 hides. Land for… In lordship 5 ploughs; 8 male and 5
female slaves; 28 villagers and 13 smallholders with 16 ploughs. 4 mills at 43s 4d; meadow, 150 acres; woodland 4
leagues long and 1 league wide.
4,5 (Land of the Bishop of Bayeux) in Bidford (on Avon) 2 1/2 virgates of land. Robert d’Oilly holds from him. Arnulf
and Arngrim held it; they were free men. Land for 1 free man, 1 slave and 1 smallholder with 1 plough. Meadow, 14
acres; woodland 2 furlongs long and 1 wide. The value was 12d; now 10s.
5 The 1886 map clearly shows plots and lanes. The church has a C13th foundation, and the Medieval bridge and market cross have survived. The western end of this monument may be Post Medieval/Imperial.
6 Archaeological observation during the excavation of foundation trenches for a new extension to The Old Vicarage, 13 High Street, Bidford-on-Avon, centred on SP10045183, recorded a large pit or ditch, which contained a single sherd of 13th or 14th century pottery.
7 A worn penny/fourpence and two strap ends, one late medieval, were found in 1987 at SP09755185.
8 Market: Tues; gr 8 May 1220, by K Hen III to Llewellyn Prince of Wales. To be held at the manor. On 27 May 1220, the day of the market was changed from Tues to Fri. Another market on Sat; gr 1280xSept 1291, by K Edw I to Robert [Burnell], bp of Bath and Wells. On 16 Sept 1291, K Edw I granted Robert, bp of Bath and Wells, the chancellor, a weekly market on Fri at his manor, in lieu of a weekly market there on Sat previously granted to him. Robert first acquired land here in 1280.
9 A number of medieval features, including postholes for timber structures, pits and ditches were recorded during evaluation to the rear of the Anglo-Saxon public house. A number of gully features may belong to the medieval division of this part of Bidford, with burgage plots aligned at right angles to the High Street.