Churchover Medieval Settlement

Description of this historic site

The probable extent of the medieval settlement at Churchover based on the Ordnance Survey map of 1886.

Notes about this historic site

1 The probable extent of the medieval settlement based on the OS first edition 6″ map of 1886, 23NE.
2 There are three entries for Churchover in Domesday, in Brinklow Hundred. The Phillimore edition has a grid ref of 5180. Ref 14,5 (Land of Earl Aubrey) in (Church)Over 2 1/2 hides. Land for 3 ploughs. Alric held it; he was free, with the land. 1 villager and 2 smallholders. The value was 5s; now 4d more. Ref 17,46 Ralph also holds 1/2 hide in (Church)Over. Land for 1/2 plough. 1 villager. Meadow 1/2 acre. The value was and is 3s. Ref 22,1 Robert of Stafford holds 7 hides in (Church)Over from the King. Land for 12 ploughs. In lordship 4. 14 villagers and 5 smallholders have 5 ploughs. A mill at 2s; meadow 4 acres. The value was 20s; now 100s. Waga held it freely before 1066.
3 The 1886 map shows a compact village with a several large buildings. A number of earthworks are marked on the western side between the village and the river. The RAF vertical aerial photo for this area is not available, nor is there ridge and furrow plotting of the parish which would help in establishing boundaries. The shape of two fields on the southern side suggest that the settlement might have stretched further that way. Domesday indicates quite a valuable village in multi-ownership. The church dates from the medieval period.
4 In 1334 Subsidy valued at £34.50. Brownsover, Cestres Over and Churchover are linked by their second element ‘over’, which is derived from ‘Waver’. These three places are situated on or near the river Swift, which was probably previously called the Waver. Waver, or Waure, is identified as both Churchover and Cestres Over in The Place-Names of Warwickshire: the 1257 charter at ‘Waure’ is cited as an example under both place-names. VCH locates the 1257 grant of the market and fair under the manor of ‘Waver or Cestres Over’. Today Cestres Over survives only as a farm; it is less than a mile north-west of Churchover.
M (Charter) Tues; gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to William de Waure (CChR, 1226–57, p. 474). To be held at the manor of Waure, co. Warwick. This is identified as Church Over in the index of the CChR.
F (Charter) vfm, James (25 Jul); gr 15 Sept 1257, by K Hen III to William de Waure (CChR, 1226–57, p. 474). To be held at the manor of Waure, co. Warwick. This is identified as Church Over in the index of CChR.

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