Studley Medieval Settlement

Description of this historic site

The probable extent of the medieval settlement based on the Ordnance Survey maps of 1886, and on aerial photographs.

Notes about this historic site

1 The probable extent of the medieval settlement based on the OS maps of 1886, 31SW and 37NW.
2 The ridge and furrow plotting of the parish.
3 There are 2 entries for Studley in Domesday. It was in Ferncombe Hundred and the Phillimore edition gives a grid reference of SP 0763.
Ref 26,16 William (son of Corbucion) also holds in Studley 4 hides. Land for 11 ploughs. In lordship 2; 3 slaves. 19 villagers with a priest and 12 smallholders have 9 ploughs. A mill at 5s; meadow 24 acres; a salt-house which pays 19 packloads of salt; woodland 1 league long and 1/2 league wide. The value was and is 100s. Swein held it freely.
Ref 29,5 William (Bonvallet) holds 1 hide in Studley from William. Land for 2 ploughs. In lordship 1 plough. Meadow 4 acres; woodland 3 furlongs long and 2 furlongs wide. Value 10s. Godric held it freely.
4 The 1886 maps show a complex pattern of settlement, possibly polyfocal, most of which lies along Ryknield Street, [WA445 and WA8674]. The area of dense occupation west of the Priory site [WA6163] looks un-planned, whereas the areas further south suggest, by their straight lines, that they are of a later date. The ridge and furrow on the plotting for the parish shows patchy survival, but there are areas that abut the village, particularly the central part. The church [WA571] lies to the east, just south of the castle [WA570], and there was medieval settlement close by, but it was deserted [WA6171].

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