Excavation in RB settlement, Tiddington
The site of a Roman settlement which may have been industrial. Excavation uncovered stone building foundations and finds which included numerous coins, Samian ware and metal objects. The site lies to the west of Tiddington village.
2 A Romano British industrial settlement excavated 1925-7. A number of supposed industrial features were excavated. In addition 106 coins, all of Claudius I to Honorius, pottery including Samian, 54 iron objects, nineteen bronze objects, a brooch, a shale ring and a glass bottle. Photocopy of card in FI file.
3 The evidence for industrial activity should be reassessed and any industrial processes were purely local.
4 A strip 100m long was excavated along the NE side of the Stratford Golf Course. The excavators encountered a stone building and features which were interpreted as evidence for tilemaking and iron and lead smelting. In 1937 Wellstood carried out further investigations adjacent to the 1927 excavations. Finds survive but records do not. More stone foundations appear to have been found.
5 Copy of the plan of the 1981 excavation in FI file.
6 Account of the excavation in 1925.
7 Report of magnetic survey in 1979.
8 Minutes of a meeting proposing the geophysical survey in 6.
9 SMR card covers points <1-4>. Photocopy in FI file.
10 Excavation to the south east of the area previously excavated has shown that the settlement was bounded by a large ditch (located in 1979 by a geophysical survey) within which lie stone and timber buildings occupied from the 2nd to the 4th centuries. Inhumation burials and field ditches have been found outside, together with rubbish pits and wells along a trackway heading south-east.
11 Excavation on the south-east corner of the roadside settlement and on associated burial and rubbish-disposal areas and field system was followed by salvage recording. The settlement began in the 1st century AD in an area of I.A. homesteads, probably along a road running along the south bank of the Avon. It expanded southwards in the 2nd century and was re-planned in the 4th and surrounded by an irregular defensive ditch. Trial excavations ona second site within the settlement immediately to the north of the road (SP21655565) found further 1st century occupation.
12 A settlement site on the north side of the Tiddington Road was excavated from March to December 1982. The earliest occupation, probably dating to the early 1st centuryAD consisted of an extensive sequence of enclosures, some containing post-built timber buildings with associated hearths, ovens and pits. In the early 2nd century gravel streets were laid out: these were accompanied by a further sequence of timber buildings. Two pottery kilns, one late 1st century, and one early 2nd were also excavated. After the 3rd century no further buildings were built on the site, although the road system continued in use. In the late Roman period burials, both isolated and in small groups, were concentrated beside the roads.
13 Report on the excavations carried out 1925-1927 in the Antiquaries Journal. Description of the pottery and the Iron Industrial Waste.