Site of Roman Building 100m W of Railway Bridge
The site of a Roman building that was found during an archaeological excavation. It was built from stone and timber. The walls of the building were plastered and painted. It was situated within the Roman town of Tripontium, 900m south west of Shawell.
1 The most substantial building yet found at Tripontium was discovered in 1962 and dug intermittently between then and 1982. The site, which was by a stream, had been levelled before building operations started. Building was a stone and timber structure of rectangular plan, with a mortar floor. The walls were plastered and painted. A coin of Domitian and Antonine Samian could indicate construction at the end of the 1st century. Building 2 dated originally from the early 2nd century. A later phase had stone walls, op-sig floors and painted plaster on the walls. This dated from the second half of the 2nd century. Building 3 was an addition and enlargement to building 2 and converted it into a ‘courtyard-type house’. The walls were of stone with fine wall plaster. Many 4th century coins were found around the building and the destruction layers. One room had a black occupation layer which contained a coin of Valentinian and some late pits contained 4th century pottery. Two coins of the period AD 395-408 could indicate use into the 5th century. Finds included tiles, some with graffiti. Tegulae and flue tiles were found. Metal finds included tweezers, bracelets and a spoon. The excavation report suggests that the building was a mansio and that its courtyard plan is similar to examples at Chelmsford, Silchester and Godmanchester.
3 The building is much smaller and less regular than the other mansiones quoted from British small towns and the identification of this building is uncertain.
4 An independent study aiming to put discussion of the Tripontium mansio, and the other buildings excavated by Rugby Archaeological Society, in Area 3, in a wider context. The study itself is largely inconclusive, although it does highlight the significance of the buildings at Tripontium and the importance of placing the possible mansio at Tripontium in a discussion of the other settlement features found at the site. Includes a series of phase plans for the site more generally.