Neolithic or Bronze Age Barrow

Description of this historic site

The site of a possible barrow which dates to between the Early Neolithic and Late Bronze Age periods. It is visible as an earthwork and is situated 850m south of The Hollows.

Notes about this historic site

1 The long mound just N of the King Stone was thought by Stukeley and many others (notably Crawford) to be a long barrow. Ravenhill’s excavation appeared to suggest that it was natural. The mound is c70m long, 40m wide and about 1m in elevation. A further 20m extension to the E has been quarried away. In 1982 a 23m long trial trench was dug which indicated that the long mound was largely natural, but that a round cairn had been placed on top of it. Further excavation in 1983 confirmed the shape and located a central cist. The cairn is 17m in diameter and built largely of quarried limestone. The cist is built of large, heavily-weathered limestone slabs. The shape of the cairn is uncertain but the capstone is in place and it is unlikely that the cairn has been robbed. Traces of a probable funeral pyre and a child’s tooth were found on the NW of the cairn. The charcoal produced a radiocarbon date of 1540 +/- 70bp. On the SW of the cairn a second cremation deposit was located. This was covered by a small mini-cairn of stone 2m long and 1.3m wide. This produced a radiocarbon date of 1420 +/- 40bc. The mini-cairn had been extended to the NW and SW and this stone contained indeterminate Neolithic/Bronze Age sherds and a few fragments of cremated bone. Three hollows in the top of the cairn contained cremations, one possibly associated with Beaker sherds. The long mound was a natural mound used as a prominent position for a round cairn.
2 Plan.
3 Scheduling revision.

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