Barcheston Shrunken Medieval Settlement
The site of the shrunken settlement of Barcheston, dating to the Medieval period, has been identified on aerial photographs, documentary evidence and through Medieval finds, including a buckle, roof tile and whetstone.
1 The village appears in Rous’ list. A church and one or two other buildings survive, but the air photograph shows that it was once much more extensive. William Willington, a merchant of the Staple, was presented to the 1517 Inquiry as a depopulator here. His enclosure dates from 1509.
2 Archaeology poor (C), documentary evidence for former existence of a village and for its desertion excellent (1*).
3 Disturbance visible on aerial photographs E of this small village is now either in arable land or ploughed pasture. The field at SP2639 was ploughed some years ago and yielded several bundles of nails and some evidence of paved roads.
5 The field was ploughed for the first time in many years in Summer 1982. The ground disturbance which is evident on the air photographs was not visible in the field. A large number of nails and a quantity of Medieval pottery were found.
6 Field marked as ‘Town Meadow’.
7 Fragment of barrel padlock, 12th century/13th century, found at SP 27 39.
8 Roof and floor tile and a bronze object recovered from this site in 1997 at SP26703970.
9 Finds discovered by field walking: sherds of pottery.
10 Find of two late medieval weights at SP26703970 in April 1995. The method of recovery was not recorded.
11 Portable Antiquities Scheme find provenance information:
Date found: 2000-03-31T23:00:00Z
Methods of discovery: Metal detector