Excavation of Roman Settlement 300m N of Crewe Farm, Kenilworth.

Description of this historic site

Evidence for a Roman settlement was found during an archaeological excavation. The remains of an enclosure, a large building and a road were uncovered. The settlement was located 800m north east of Glasshouse Wood.

Notes about this historic site

1 Excavation in 1971 in advance of the Kenilworth bypass a revealed rectilinear enclosure, probably 1.25 ha. Evidence of two palisade trenches indicated at least two phases of occupation. This was borne out by the discovery of the post holes of a substantial rectangular timber building which produced many sherds of Romano British pottery. This had replaced an earlier circular structure which had been deliberately dismantled. The later structure was also dismantled and the site was traversed by cart tracks which had been packed with gravel which sealed Roman pottery. This may indicate the presence of a third building which was not located. Occupation would seem to date from the 2nd to 4th century.
2 Grey wares form the majority of the pottery. Black burnished ware, Mancetter white wares and three Oxfordshire colour-coated sherds occurred. Samian ware formed 0.76% of the total. Seven Nene Valley sherds and one amphora sherd were found. The site appears to have been occupied from the late 1st century to the middle of the 4th century.
3 Plan of the excavation.
4 Location plan.
5 Noted by the OS.
6 Noted in WMANS vol 14.
7 Synopsis of the proposed report of the excavation.
8 The full report 7 of the excavation was never published.

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