Romano-British Settlement 100m south west of Warmington Church

Description of this historic site

Numerous finds of Roman roof tile and pottery were found during fieldwalking of a ploughed field immediately south of the church in Warmington. Geophysical Survey confirmed the presence of Prehistoric and Romano-British features. These buildings were part excavated in 2008.

Notes about this historic site

1 Fieldwalking in the northern portion of the field immediately to the south of the church in Warmington,uncovered numerous sherds of pottery and tile. 3 Roman Coins were also uncovered, as well as evidence of iron working. The focus of the activity appeared to be in the north and centre of the fieldwalked area. The size and density of the roof tile would indicate a Roman building in the near vicinity. Alison Hatcher Pers Comm 30/03/2007.
2 Magnetometry revealed a complex pattern of former ditches representing land boundaries and enclosures. Earth resistance survey located structural remains probably associated with former Roman buildings. The complex and extensive nature of the magnetic anomolies suggest a long period of occupation and development. The site would fit into the relatively high density pattern of ‘middle status’ villas located along the Middle Lias northern fringe of the Cotswold. Many of these sites show development from the prehistoric to the late Roman periods.
3 Numerous finds discovered by metal detector including coins (one near mint), pins and an unusual belt buckle. Recorded by Angie Bolton as part of Portable Antiquities Scheme.
4 Digital Photographs showing finds from second weekend of fieldwalking (April 2007) on the fields north of the Herb Centre, plus some photographs of metal detecting finds.
5 Report on excavation of a Roman building at this site. Limited excavations in 2008 located two adjoining buildings set at an angle to one another, and also investigated a part of the field system. It was not possible to establish the relationship between the two buildings, one of which was represented only by robber trenches. The better preserved was a large masonry structure, internally 4m wide by at least 16m long. One 0.9m wide wall survived as only one course of local ironstone, but the parallel wall was very fragmentary. The structure had no foundations, being laid directly on the clayey-brash natural. The roof was probably covered with lias limestone tiles, from the nearby beds in the valley. It was not possible to establish either its construction or demolition date as ploughing had removed all overlying stratigraphy, and there were no finds from the structure. It was possibly an agricultural building, probably Roman, as evidenced by the quantities of Roman tile and pottery in the ploughsoil and associated features. Plan attached. This report also includes a brief section on the previous fieldwalking conducted on this site.
6 Field walking totalling about 11ha was carried out in five fields in the National Herb Centre on the ridge above Warmington village. Lines 20m apart were walked in 20m stints and all anthropogenic material was collected. Concentrations of Roman pottery were noted in Field 1 (the site of an excavated Roman building) and in the adjacent field 2, and an isolated concentration was seen in Field 3. All the fields had a scatter of Roman pottery. Ceramic roof tile, some of it Roman, was also found widely scattered, with concentrations coinciding with Roman pottery in fields 1 and 2, but not elsewhere. A scatter of prehistoric flintwork was found on all the fields, with a possible concentration in Field 4 at the eastern end of the ridge.
7 Detailed plan of trench location laid on top of geohpys interpretation.
8 Further information; very similar to 6.
9 Summary of excavation results between 2010 and 2012. Three buildings, probably consecutive in phasing, have now been confirmed from the site. A number of pits have been recorded from around the site, including a horse skull burial and a dog burial. An adjacent ditch terminal was examined in 2011, containing Roman material including iron slag, indicating nearby small scale industrial and domestic activity. The 3 buildings probably had ancillary agricultural, workshop or storage functions, with a domestic establishment nearby, which was the source of the foor tiles, flue tiles and domestic debris found in the ploughsoil and cut features.

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